The emphasis on justice is particularly relevant because less economically well-off groups are typically more severely affected by chronic and infectious diseases than the well off because they are less economically equipped to prevent or control them.
That risk will need to be balanced against the ethical interests in respecting the autonomy of the person affected, and their choice about whether to know or not. Critics maintain that clinical smoking cessation programs have been presented by healthcare professionals as the most effective means for smoking cessation compared to unassisted smoking cessation.
Identify diversity skills used in developing effective communications. Further, ethical issues in health promotion interventions raise concerns regarding unequal or unfair treatment or provision of services, referred to as equity, and distributive justice, which expands the term to include unequal distribution of risks or burdens or of fair opportunities to attain health goals Daniels, Several hundred copies of this manual have been distributed nationally and internationally.
Ethical Issues Related to Appeals to Personal Responsibility Personal responsibility is commonly used directly or indirectly in many health promotion interventions.
Most community consultation guidelines on protecting communities from research harms have focused on indigenous communities, which are generally geographically bounded, socially distinct, and have traditions of self-identification and political autonomy.
Otherwise, their lack of trust in the authorities will serve as an unfair barrier, and thus, they will not benefit from the health promotion initiative Lee et al. Develop a communication plan for public organizations. However, these stipulations should not be used by decision makers as a justification to avoid communicating about issues when the intended population does not have the means to act.
If dissemination is an important outcome from your work, you should build in time, funding and possibly training, to ensure you have the resources to disseminate your research effectively.
Please speak with an Enrollment Representative today for more details. What are ethical considerations. These issues are further elaborated in the sections that follow. For instance, recommendations have changed on the use of female replacement hormones, how to reduce the risk of infant crib death, and the consumption of cholesterol in food, among other topics.
The earlier you do this, the better, but it is never too late.
With the increasing use of commercial advertising tactics in health promotion communication interventions, ethical issues regarding advertising can be raised in health promotion communication when it applies techniques such as highly emotional appeals, exaggerations, omissions, provocative tactics, or the use of children.
And, as researchers and community members develop trust and working relationships, the level of community involvement may evolve.
He may also be concerned about how the privacy of this information will be protected and that the information not lead to differential treatment of himself or his descendants.
This type of obligation is particularly important when the health promotion intervention concerns members of diverse groups who may feel that they have been exploited in the past or that there are hidden agendas in the intervention that are meant to serve the purpose of others rather than themselves.
This raises the question of what should and could be the standards or procedures to ensure that informed consent is obtained on behalf of diverse populations.
For example, strategic decisions regarding which population should be the target of the intervention, and which will not, or what kind of persuasive arguments and visual appeals should be used.
If people at whom the communication is aimed to promote their health are not provided with solutions to barriers that they must overcome to adopt the recommended action, they will be reluctant to adopt it and benefit from it or protect themselves.
They can also have an effect on cultural aspects of society e. It adds a stipulation to autonomy in health promotion that people should have the capacity not only to choose, but be able to act upon their choice e.
In health promotion interventions, inaccuracies or exaggerations are often represented in slogans or visual images. Health promotion interventions that employ an entertainment-education format have also been using dialogue, narrative, and plot as means to elicit critical reflection and different perspectives or value orientations Slater and Rouner, ; Sood, Menard, and Witte, Information from Arcury et al.
Identify cultural and ethical considerations for public sector communications. Identify communication techniques to ensure public involvement.
For more information, please call or chat live with an Enrollment Representative. These are broad and contested issues that encompass obligations associated with distribution of resources, opportunities, benefits, and risks.
Public and Private Sector Communication Assess genre communication options based upon stakeholder criterion. This can have implications for health promotion interventions, which means that drawing on this approach could emphasize adopting health promotion practices or social norms as a means to help others in the community or emphasize mutual support, instead of focusing on individual responsibility.
Which groups do you want to reach.
This approach draws on a teleological perspective in moral philosophy and focuses on consequences as the main criteria for determining moral worth.
Develop informative and persuasive forms of internal and external communications. Foster and colleagues describe a range of activities that might be a part of community consultation: In these ways, individual interests are related to family and societal interests.
By implication, this could entail allowing or acknowledging alternative conceptions or engaging in a dialogue about them. This obligation is supposed to be carried out by actively pursuing means to help individuals and communities to reach a positive state of health or by preventing them from being endangered by risks and potential harm.
This has raised concerns regarding equity. Apr 10, · Finally, ethical issues may arise in relation to disseminating or releasing sensitive or potentially unflattering data. 40, 42, 44, 45, 48, 51 Academic partners may feel an imperative to publish and to “stay true” to the “objective” nature of the data.
Community members, however, may fear that unflattering data may (further) stigmatize. Conclusion: Researchers must develop and adopt strategies that enable them to respect their promise of confidentiality while effectively disseminating sometimes sensitive results.
a set of principles based upon the ethical considerations that govern the professional practice in a profession (most professions have this) stakeholders in research.
seeking informed consent, providing incentives, seeking sensitive information, the possibility of causing harm to participants, maintaining confidentiality. • Ethical issues in qualitative research • Role of ethics and other review processes.
Ethics as topic • Ethical considerations are more complex than quantitative – More personal methods relevant stakeholders and user groups are addressed.
Apply ethical considerations while disseminating sensitive information to stakeholders. Develop informative and persuasive forms of internal and external communications. Public Administrators and the Media. Explain the role of the media in disseminating information to the public.
The first relates for to the ethical responsibility for research findings to be accessible – so that they can be used (and useful), so they can inform the development of knowledge in your field, and to ensure that your work is transparent and open to scrutiny.
Beyond those over-arching considerations, the following list summarises the key.Ethical considerations when disseminating sensitive information to stakeholders